Inter-sexual mimicry

Inter-sexual mimicry occurs when individuals of one sex in a species mimic members of the opposite sex. An example is the three male forms of the marine isopod, Paracerceis sculpta. Alpha males are the largest and guard a harem of females. Beta males mimic females and manage to enter the harem of females without being detected by the alpha males allowing them to mate. Gamma males are the smallest males and mimic juveniles. This also allows them to mate with the females without the alpha males detecting them.[66] Similarly, among common side-blotched lizards, some males mimic the coloration and even mating rejection behavior of the other sex in order to sneak matings with guarded females.[67] Some male Australian Giant Cuttlefish also mimic females, allowing them to mate undetected by other males. Paracerceis sculpta is a species of marine isopod between 1.3 millimetres (0.05 in) and 10.3 mm (0.41 in) in length.[1] The species lives mainly in the intertidal zone,[2] and is native to the Northeast Pacific from Southern California to Mexico, but has since been introduced to many other countries.[3] Adults are herbivorous and consume algae but juveniles are carnivorous and consume moulting females.[2] They reproduce in sponges but do not feed near them.[4] Isopoda ("isopods") is an order of peracarid crustaceans, including familiar animals such as woodlice and pill bugs. The name Isopoda derives from the Greek roots (iso-, meaning "same") and ? (podos, mean ng "foot").[1] The fossil record of isopods dates back to the Carboniferous period (in the US Pennsylvanian epoch), at least 300 million years ago. In the context of gender, passing refers to a person's ability to be regarded as a member of the sex with which they physically present.[1] Typically, passing involves a mixture of physical gender cues (for example, hair style or clothing) as well as certain behavioral attributes that tend to be culturally associated with a particular gender. Irrespective of a person's presentation, many experienced crossdressers assert that confidence is far more important for passing than the physical aspects of appearance.[2] Three groups of people whose members may be concerned with passing are crossdressers, trans men and trans women. The common side-blotched lizard (Uta stansburiana) is a species of side-blotched lizard found on the Pacific Coast of North America. It is notable for having a unique form of polymorphism wherein each of the three different male morphs utilizes a different strategy in acquiring mates. The three morphs compete against each other following a pattern of rock, paper, scissors, where one morph has advantages over another but is outcompeted by the third.[1][2][3] The specific epithet stansburiana is in honor of Captain Howard Stansbury of the US Corps of Topographical Engineers, who collected the first specimens while leading the 1849-1851 expedition to explore and survey the Great Salt Lake of Utah.